Nokia to add open interfaces to its telecom equipment – Networking – Software- Tempemail – Blog – 10 minute

Finland’s Nokia on Tuesday became the first major telecom equipment maker to commit to adding open interfaces in its products that will allow mobile operators to build networks that are not tied to a vendor.
The new technology, dubbed Open Radio Access Network (Open RAN), aims to reduce reliance on any one vendor by making every part of a telecom network interoperable and allowing operators to choose different suppliers for different components.
Currently, Nokia along with Ericsson and Huawei supplies most of the equipment for building telecom networks and mobile operators can only pick one for each part of their network
As part of the implementation plan, Nokia plans to deploy Open RAN interfaces in its baseband and radio units, a spokesman said.
An initial set of Open RAN functionalities will become available this year, while the full suite of interfaces is expected to be available in 2021, the company said.
Nokia, unlike other vendors, had been promising to participate in the development of open RAN technology and have joined several industry alliances.

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Britain jeopardising China relationship, says Huawei’s UK boss – Networking- Tempemail – Blog – 10 minute

Britain risks throwing away its long-standing relationship with China if it bans Huawei from its 5G networks at the behest of the United States as part of a global battle for technological supremacy, the UK chairman of the tech group told Reuters.
John Browne, a pre-eminent voice in UK Plc and former head of oil giant BP, said Huawei had become a political football in an escalating trade dispute between the two superpowers, and Britain risked being damaged in the process.
Britain granted the telecoms group a limited role in its 5G network earlier this year, but new US sanctions on chip technology have put its status as a reliable supplier in doubt, and ministers are likely to take a tougher stance.
“There is no diplomacy here,” Browne said during a Reuters Events virtual ‘Build Back Better’ symposium in London.
“The UK has had a very long relationship with China and I hope it’s not one that they simply throw away.”
Browne, in his final term as chairman of Huawei UK, said when he joined six years ago, no one could pronounce the company’s name or knew what it did.
“It’s become very, very visible indeed, and it has become a football between the United States and China,” he said.
The United States had seen the ascendancy of China in technologies such as 5G and AI, he said, mirroring the space race in the 1950s when Russia was first to launch a satellite.
“A very similar reaction is occurring now, because it’s always been in the interests of the US to be ascendant in this area, it’s been good for the world as well,” said Browne, a veteran of navigating geopolitical tensions through his time at BP dealing with Russia.
Were Britain to bar Huawei from its 5G networks, the future of the Chinese company in a country where it has invested millions of pounds in research and development would be in doubt.
“They have clearly a lot of business, everything from smartphones through to 3 and 4G as well as this proposed 5G,” he said.
“If there’s no business and they are prevented from doing business I would expect them to make decisions to withdraw.”

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Liverpool City Council taps edge analytics for people and traffic movement – Strategy – Projects – Hardware – Networking – Software- Tempemail – Blog – 10 minute

Source: Liverpool City Council

Liverpool City Council in Sydney’s west is analysing CCTV imagery with deep learning algorithms and edge computing in a bid to understand pedestrian and traffic movements.
The city in Sydney’s southwest has partnered with the Digital Living Lab (DLL) – part of the University of Wollongong’s SMART Infrastructure Facility  – to deploy the lab’s Versatile Intelligent Video Analytics (VIVA) platform.
VIVA’s deep learning algorithms were developed by DLL using transfer learning – a form of machine learning that takes lessons from one subject matter and applies it to a related but separate field.
It was built on NVIDIA’s Metropolis platform for artificial intelligence and internet of things (IoT) sensors, along with NVIDIA’s TensorRT software on the company’s Jetson edge AI computers.
Johan Barthelemy, a lecturer at the SMART Infrastructure Facility, said the use of edge computing was designed to reduce bandwidth by crunching the data at its source.
“We designed VIVA to process video feeds as close as possible to the source, which is the camera,” he said.
“Once a frame has been analysed using a deep neural network, the outcome is transmitted and the current frame is discarded.”
The solution has the added benefit of complying with privacy regulations which had previously limited the way CCTV could be used – typically as an after-the-fact record of incidents rather than something that was proactively monitored.
Insights from the partnership are set to be used in a number of projects, such as understanding pedestrians’ preferred routes to ease congestion and to inform direct maintenance and lighting investments.
Similar work is being done for cyclists and motorists to understand the traffic and parking patterns of the 30,000 people who journey to Liverpool’s central business district each business day.
Barthelemy said that to monitor and analyse these disparate forms of mobility without VIVA would have required a fleet of specialised and costly fixed sensors.
But, using computer vision at the edge of the network allows VIVA to count the different types of traffic, capturing their trajectory and speed using infrastructure that was largely in place already.
Patterns of movements and points of congestion are identified and predicted to help improve street and footpath layout and connectivity, traffic management and guided pathways, all in real-time.
Experimenting with synthetic data
Using transfer learning and open databases such as OpenImage, COCO and Pascal VOC, DLL was able to use an in-house app to create synthetic data to allow the VIVA platform to learn from a number of scenarios that might not otherwise be present at any given time, such a rainstorm or influx of cyclists.
“This synthetic data generation allowed us to generate 35,000-plus images per scenario of interest under different weather, time of day and lighting conditions,” Barthelemy said.
“The synthetic data generation uses ray tracing to improve the realism of the generated images.”
Inferencing of the data is done with NVIDIA Jetson Nano, NVIDIA Jetson TX2 and NVIDIA Jetson Xavier NX, depending on the use case and processing required.
Being able to effectively simulate novel scenarios is increasingly valuable to Liverpool Council as western Sydney experiences prolonged growth and development.
The city is already experiencing the knock-on effects of a new university campus nearby, and expects the completion of the Western Sydney Airport to further contribute to growth in the region.

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France won’t ban Huawei: report – Networking- Tempemail – Blog – 10 minute

The head of the French cybersecurity agency ANSSI said there would not be a total ban on using equipment from Huawei in the rollout of the French 5G telecoms network, but that it was pushing French telcos to avoid switching to the Chinese company.
“What I can say is that there won’t be a total ban,” Guillaume Poupard told Les Echos newspaper in an interview.
“(But) for operators that are not currently using Huawei, we are inciting them not to go for it.”
The US government has urged its allies to exclude the Chinese telecoms giant from the West’s next-generation communications, saying Beijing could use it for spying.
Huawei has denied the charges.
Sources told Reuters in March France would not ban Huawei but would seek to keep it out of the core mobile network, which carries higher surveillance risks because it processes sensitive information such as customers’ personal data.
France’s decision over Huawei’s equipment is crucial for two of the country’s four telecoms operators, Bouygues Telecom and SFR, as about half of their current mobile network is made by the Chinese group.
“For those that are already using Huawei, we are delivering authorisations for durations that vary between three and eight years,” Poupard said in the interview.
State-controlled Orange has already chosen Huawei’s European rivals Nokia and Ericsson.
Poupard said that from next week, operators which have not received an explicit authorisation to use Huawei equipment for the 5G network can consider a non-response after the legal deadline as a rejection of their requests.
Poupard said the choice was made to protect French independence, and not as an act of hostility towards China.
“This is not Huawei bashing or anti-Chinese racism,” Poupard said. “All we’re saying is that the risk is not the same with European suppliers as with non-Europeans.”

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Huawei has ‘clear conditions’ to stay involved in UK 5G – Networking- Tempemail – Blog – 10 minute

Huawei has clear conditions to meet for Britain to continue to allow its involvement in the development of 5G telecoms infrastructure, Britain’s health minister said on Sunday, after a report that the firm would be banned from the project.
Officials are drawing up proposals to stop installing Huawei Technologies equipment in as little as six months, the Sunday Telegraph reported, in a reversal of a decision earlier this year.
Asked about the report, health minister Matt Hancock declined to comment on it specifically but said the initial recommendation had always been conditional.
“I wouldn’t comment on leaks of that kind. What I can say is that when we came out with an interim report on this earlier in the year, there are a number of conditions that needed to be met,” he said.
“I’m sure that the [UK] Tempemail Security Council will look at those conditions, and make the right decision on this, to make sure that we have both a very strong telecoms infrastructure… but also that it is secure.”
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, who in January allowed Huawei a limited role in Britain’s 5G network, has faced intense pressure from the United States and some British lawmakers to ban the telecommunications equipment maker on security grounds.
On Tuesday he toughened his rhetoric on Huawei, warning China he would protect critical infrastructure from “hostile state vendors”.
Ministers have also cited US sanctions as being likely to have an impact on the viability of Huawei as a 5G provider.
The Sunday Telegraph report said that the Tempemail Cyber Security Centre had changed its recommendations on Huawei as the sanctions would force the company to use untrusted technology.

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Victoria’s largest council begins developing new smart city strategy – Strategy – Projects – Networking- Tempemail – Blog – 10 minute

Victoria’s most populous local government area has begun developing a new smart city strategy to capitalise on existing smart infrastructure and deliver improved services for ratepayers.
The City of Casey in Melbourne’s southeast is currently seeking feedback from residents and technology suppliers on how it can build on earlier ‘demonstration projects’.
The push comes as the city continues to experience rapid population growth and urbanisation which present diverse challenges to the community, including sustainability, liveability, and economic development.
The current consultation process will inform how the council progresses its use of technology and data to support further developments, after a previous 2017-2021 smart city strategy expires.
A range of smart city infrastructure was put in place under the previous strategy, including connected street furniture that provides free wi-fi, barbecues that monitor usage and notify council when it needs repairs, and smart parking sensors.
It has also established a low power wide area network using LoRaWAN technology with 11 gateways that covers 80 percent of the municipality to support internet of things (IoT) deployments that businesses and residents can tap into.
Council chief executive officer Glenn Patterson said in a post on LinkedIn that these developments are needed now more than ever due to the severe disruption caused by the coronavirus health crisis.
“In order to continue to increase our community’s resilience, and support Casey’s diverse environmental, social and economic needs, council is committed to learning how technology, data and innovation – smart city infrastructure – can unlock new opportunities and help us overcome persistent challenges,” Patterson said.

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EU sets out rules for 5G small antennas – Networking- Tempemail – Blog – 10 minute

The European Commission took another step towards accelerating up the rollout of high speed 5G across the European Union by adopting rules for small antennas, which are key to expanding data capacity and coverage.
The 27-country bloc is looking to 5G wireless technology to help it to bounce back from the coronavirus crisis and compete more effectively with the United States and China.
Small antennas are seen as the last mile of 5G networks and of key importance for urban areas, transport systems and manufacturing plants as they can carry higher data volumes and are closer to customers. They are also more cost effective than big towers.
“5G wireless networks represent a pillar of socio-economic development for Europe as they will enable new services in health and care, energy, transport, education and many other areas,” EU industry chief Thierry Breton said.
The new rules set out the physical and technical characteristics of small cells for 5G networks, which are exempted from individual town planning permits or other individual prior permits.
The regulation also sets strict exposure limits to minimise health effects, limits on the size and power of the small antennas, and also specifications on their appearance to make them less visible.
Fake claims about 5G has resulted in the torching of more than 140 mobile phone masts in 10 European countries and attacks on scores of maintenance workers, telecoms lobbying group ETNO said.

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Nokia wins Taiwan Mobile 5G contract – Networking – Telco/ISP- Tempemail – Blog – 10 minute

Finnish telecoms equipment maker Nokia won a 5G contract worth about 400 million euros ($654 million) from Taiwan Mobile to build out the telecom operator’s next-generation network as the sole supplier.
A supplier to Taiwan Mobile’s earlier networks, Nokia will prepare for the deployment this month and complete the migration to 5G standalone within a three-year period.
Nokia, along with Nordic rival Ericsson, has picked up most of the 5G contracts in Taiwan.
While Nokia also won 5G contracts from Taiwan Star and Chunghwa Telecom, Ericsson picked up the deal with Far Eas Tone and a part of the contract from Chunghwa.
To offset hurdles faced last year, the Finnish telecom operator has been scripting a turnaround by diversifying its chipset supply and grabbing 5G deals.
Earlier this month, Nokia picked up 5G contracts from Canada’s Bell Canada and Telus, along with an order from a Singapore telecom operator.
However, Nokia did not win any 5G radio contracts from Chinese telecom companies – China Mobile, China Unicom and China Telecom – in recent bidding rounds, excluding a part of China Unicom’s 5G core network contract.
Huawei, ZTE and Ericsson got all the 5G radio contracts from the three top vendors in China.

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Australia Post to expand its network transformation – Cloud – Networking- Tempemail – Blog – 10 minute

Australia Post is in the planning and design phase of the next stage of its network transformation, which will focus on optimising data centre and cloud interconnectivity to improve data flows.
The postal service laid out initial plans for its network transformation in the middle of last year, bringing 4000 post offices, delivery centres and offices onto the NBN and managing that connectivity via a Cisco SD-WAN.
It has cut over around 1000 sites to date, head of network and workspace technology Shane Hazim told a webinar last week, but even once complete, this is only a subset of Post’s ambition when it comes to transforming its networks.
“From a network transformation point of view, we’re very early – and what I mean by very early is although we’ve transformed about 1000 sites onto SD-WAN, that’s our edge transformation,” Hazim said.
“How we leverage it from a multi-cloud [perspective] and how we pass information or workloads between different types of data centres, whether private or public cloud, is yet to be determined.
“We need to start thinking about our next evolution of network transformation, which is what I like to call our data centre networks.
“That’s our next stage and that’s in the planning and the design phase.”
Hazim noted that this part of the transformation would be driven largely by the data and analytics needs of the organisation.
“It’s all about the experience or … that piece of data that helps [the business] make a decision or provide a different experience for their customer in some sort of way,” he said.
“How do we give insights and information to your business [area] to make smart decisions on-the-fly about rapid change or give them insights and information of what’s going on within their operational network?
“For us, it’s about parcel tracking and deliveries, the quality of an actual service, or a box or something else a customer wants.
“Feeding that information back into your customer [data]sets or to your stakeholders as an organisation [can help] to actually determine how you make different types of decisions.”
From a practical perspective, that meant embarking on a phase of work to optimise interconnectivity between AusPost’s data centres, private and public cloud infrastructure.
The ability of organisations to move quickly and make decisions had been put to the test by COVID-19, underlining the importance of having the right enabling infrastructure.
“The world that we’re moving towards is, how do you gear up your network in the future to be able to pivot and move large amounts of data regardless of where it is, but then process that data fast enough for people to be able to make on-the-fly decisions that enable their business quickly?” Hazim said.
“I think that’s what’s important and what’s come out of COVID. That’s why next year for us it’s all about our data centre network strategy to be able to get a business case approved, to get our C-level executives to understand why we need to do it and how it takes things to that next level, because right now what we’re … transforming is just our branch sites.”

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Woolworths brings Cisco into large-scale network transformation – Projects – Networking – Software- Tempemail – Blog – 10 minute

Woolworths has revealed it now has over 2000 connected devices in each retail store, a network of over 30,000 access points nationwide it is now transforming the management of.
The company has partnered with Cisco to deploy a software-defined wide area network (SD-WAN) and secure access control system across its operations.
In addition to covering its 3000 stores, the SD-WAN will also network Woolworths’ offices, data centres and distribution centres, with work to be completed over the next 18 months.
iTnews understands upgrades have already been made to Woolworths’ data centre network where benefits are already being realised.
The transformation project was unveiled in mid-June at the US version of the Cisco Live conference.
In a video, it was noted that a decade ago, a store had 40 connected devices. 
“Now, it has over 2000,” the video states. 
“Woolworths has 3000 stores, a network with over 30,000 access points. That’s an opportunity to perform and transform.”
Together with other networked assets outside of its retail stores, it is believed upwards of 86,000 network devices are connected to Woolworths’ network environment.
“Cisco’s SD-WAN and Secure Access is powering our next big step, delivered in a record time, just a few months,” Woolworths’ general manager of IT Patrick Misciagna said.
It is understood, however, that the rollout of Cisco hardware and software is ongoing, with 18 months left to run on the work.
SD-WAN technology is used to manage connectivity between an organisation’s physical sites and clouds, with “real-time traffic steering based on centralised policy”.
Woolworths is anticipating being able to manage its network loads more efficiently and make changes faster in response to network conditions.
The technology is also likely to improve visibility into the performance of the network at different locations.
The size of the deployment is also noteworthy, with the Cisco Live video touting it as “the largest undertaking of its type in the world”.
At the same time as SD-WAN is being deployed, Woolworths is separately upgrading physical connections to its retail stores to NBN fibre, under a deal signed in early 2019.
iTnews reported in September last year that Woolworths was connecting 50 retail sites a week with NBN fibre, for a total of 1200 sites at that time.
It is understood that the company is around 70 percent through a first tranche of 1800 locations identified for NBN cutover, meaning the number is likely to be closer to 1300 now.

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