Energy Leaders Give Insight on the Future of Kenya’s Oil and Gas Transition | Tempemail – Blog – 10 minute

Sourced from Construction Review Online.

Kenya’s oil and gas industry is in a state of transition, as its major oil and gas development — Blocks 10BB and 13T in Turkana — has been put on hold, with Tullow Oil submitting a notice of force majeure to the Kenyan Ministry of Petroleum and Mining, citing complications from COVID-19.
Meanwhile, Uganda’s Lake Albert Project is moving ahead, with Total announcing plans to acquire Tullow Oil’s stake in the project. The massive development in Uganda, which is set to include a pipeline and refinery, could easily have an impact on regional oil and gas developments and opportunities.
In a webinar, Kenyan energy industry leaders shared strategies and thoughts on how Kenya’s oil and gas sector can deal with the implications caused by COVID-19.
According to Dr Elly Karuhanga, “Force Majeure are reactive for companies, it is something that is beyond their means or the problem there are facing. So, it is unfortunate that this has happened in Kenya, but it is also unfortunate that Tullow had to exercise this in their business. When you think about the reasons they faced, they had no alternative.”

In East Africa, Kenya has the most natural resources and is the most explored country in the region. In order to have a knock-on effect and attract investors in this climate, East African countries need to keep exploring and looking at other projects. In Kenya, there are offshore blocks operated by Eni and hopefully, with a great oil flow, they will help the economy.
For companies like Baker Hughes, transition into deep-water explorations is expected to be less difficult, because it is already involved in offshore projects across Africa and has actively interacted with Eni in Kenya.
“For us, it is more about, how do we get our local partners in Kenya who have been involved in the onshore activities, to then up to their game a little bit to meet the offshore requirements and that’s going to take a lot of back and forth, integration, cooperation to get them to a point where the skillset of that personnel and the equipment that they have and intend to acquire will be able to meet the requirements of deep-water play,” says Toks Azeez, Sales and Commercial Director for Sub Saharan Africa at Baker Hughes.
Speakers encouraged synergies and regional collaboration to overcome the challenges faced by the oil and gas industry. Local companies, as well as countries, need to come together to find a solution to them. According to Mwendia Nyaga, CFO of Oilfield Movers, “Companies can scale up from the location at which they are based and start working in other places. For me, it is cooperation, synergizing and not over complication.”
African governments are advised to think about the long-term effects COVID-19 has on oil and gas projects as well as how to regain investors’ appetite, “You should always look at fiscal incentives that allow fair and equitable taxation on revenues, but allow an investment environment that is lucrative, because every dollar in our industry can go anywhere in the world. East Africa, big companies and the small-medium sized oil and gas companies, will look at the investment climate as to where they get greater bang for their buck and that will mean that if the East African region does not have favourable fiscals then the dollars will go elsewhere, where you will get better bang for your buck, so there is a balance. When the government is looking at this to be able to enable an environment where investment will be made, knowing that the risk is carried by the investors initially,” says Brian Muriuki, MD & Country Chair of Royal Dutch Shell Ghana.
Doris Mwirigi, COO of Energy Solutions Africa closed by sharing her belief that the oil and gas industry is in a transition, seeing that oil prices are slowly recovering to pre-COVID-19 prices.
“In Kenya, we are already at the forefront in terms of green energy and if you look at it, we are still very dependent on fossil fuels. So, you find that we are ahead in terms of green energy, however, I am still an oil girl and believe that oil and gas will recover, and in any case, as you can see globally, the oil prices are coming up and if you look at the equity market the oil prices are good for oil companies, so I think oil and gas will still play a major role in the oil and gas mix and we will be here,” she says.
Mwirigi also touched on the involvement of women and how the EqualBy30 initiative will empower more women in the oil and gas sector, “When you talk about adding women, it should not be just about diversity, but a business decision because companies headed by women do better. So, it’s not even a cry for help or diversity but business sense.”
Edited by Luis MonzonFollow Luis Monzon on TwitterFollow Tempemail on Twitter

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Tempemail Marketing Awards: British Gas’ Jill Dougan on rewarding Tena- Tempemail – Blog – 10 minute

Hygeine brand Tena and Zenith Media have taken the honours for the Chair’s Award at Tempemail Marketing Awards, for their ’From Humiliation to High Fashion’ campaign.
Marketing Awards chair Jill Dougan, UK marketing director of British Gas chose Tena’s entry based on its “brilliant creativity… grounded in insight and real customer need.“
The campaign, which also won in the Healthcare and Pharma category, aimed to tackle the taboo of incontinence through the use of highly visible media placements to promote a new product for the bladder weakness product category.
Dougan commended the work as ‘brave’ and explained why it caught her eye over everything else this year.
“It picked a subject that doesn’t get talked about very often but was really important,“ she said. “It drove the conversation to an important audience that often gets overlooked and talked about fashion by turning it on its head. I loved the integrated media plan where they used big billboards in high footfall areas and tried to do things differently. It caused me to stop and think. It was a different approach to something which was brave, challenging and it was a great mix of creativity and insight.”

Tena’s campaign running on Oxford Street

Reflecting on this years’ entries, Dougan cited a clear shift towards purpose-led campaigns that offered solutions to problems faced by consumers. She also felt that the best pieces of work were ones that made use of integrated creative across a number of channels.
Finally, Dougan offered her advice to marketers working through the challenges and uncertainties thrown up internationally around Covid-19, which can be heard in the interview above.

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Let’s shut up about long-term brand building vs short-term sales, says British Gas marketer Jill Dougan- Tempemail – Blog – 10 minute

British Gas marketing director, Jill Dougan, says that marketers need to shut up about proving why long-term brand building wins out over a short-term sales focus.
Ahead of Tempemail Marketing Awards 2020, of which she is the chair of the jury, Dougan talks to Tempemail about the prevailing themes in marketing, what transformation looks like, and the conversations that marketers should be having to excite and motivate about the power of brands.
What are the prevailing themes in marketing?
For me, there are three big issues. First, data and trust. Consumers still don’t trust how large companies are using their data. And rightly so, in my view. We need to much more transparent with how we use data and prove that we deserve their trust. Then there’s the tug-of-war between creativity and businesses’ understandable short-termism, which I’ll cover more below. And, finally, there’s diversity and inclusion.
I think there are a lot of people in marketing who don’t recognise that being liberal and open-minded isn’t the same as running a diverse business. There’s still so much to be done in every area of inclusion from gender and ethnicity to sexuality and socio-economic diversity. There’s a wealth of talent and perspectives that still find their path in our industry blocked, and that directly affects our ability to do great creative work that represents our customers properly and talks to their lived experiences.
Some of the most powerful feedback that we’ve had about our most recent campaign has been about our attempt not just to show diversity, but to normalise diversity. To talk about real people’s lives rather than just trading in stereotypes.
What should everyone in marketing shut up about already?
I’d love us to be able to shut up about proving why long-term brand building wins out over a short-term sales focus. But it’s the argument that never goes away. Especially if, as now, it’s tough times for many companies. As marketers, we have to recognise that some of this is on us. We need to be better at making the argument that investing in creativity is the mainspring of long-term effectiveness. We need to be able to sell the longer-term vision in a way that speaks to the more commercial parts of our businesses – and to excite and motivate everyone about the power of our brands to drive consideration, not just conversion.
In the next few years, we’re going to see a lot of companies storing up problems for themselves as they cut budgets and redirect spending towards hitting quarterly numbers. As marketers, how we handle those conversations is where we really show our worth.
As a business, British Gas is going through a huge amount of transformation in the business. What does transformation look like?
For us, the transformation is all about how we organise around the customer. We’re bringing together multi-disciplinary teams with a remit to make the changes we need to deliver brilliant customer experiences across our key journeys. And we need to start every decision from the customer’s perspective and truly consider the impact the decisions we make will have on them. At a basic level, we want to move from selling the products we have to create the solutions that our customers need and want. You can see that in our new campaign – Here to solve – where we’re literally seeing things from our customer’s perspective and positioning ourselves as enablers.

But that’s just part of a bigger programme which encompasses changing how we direct and measure our work (see above) and breaking down the siloes in the company.
You have called the new British Gas campaign as a “seismic shift”, what does a good creative campaign look like to you?
I think we all know it when we see it; something that’s bold and truthful. It’s got to be original, exciting, inspiring, moving, funny – all of those things. But to really change people’s perceptions of a brand, it has to be authentic.
By nature, I think we’re all pretty cynical about most marketing – most of it is disposable nonsense, half an idea badly done, probably without the time or money it really needed. Sometimes you can see what the brand was trying to do, but haven’t quite pulled it off. Other times, the execution is impressive or artful, but you think to yourself, “that’s a bit of a stretch, you don’t really have a right to say that.” And, occasionally you see a campaign that gets it all right and there’s the recognition you get when something is so spot on that, the second time you see it, it seems utterly obvious in hindsight.
British Gas has its own econometrics team, what constitutes effectiveness for you?
We use all the standard sales-focused metrics you’d expect to show that we’re driving the most effective use of our budgets – sales, ROI, margin etc. We balance that with brand metrics, like awareness, consideration, NPS and Journey NPS.
For me, the challenge is to find metrics that focus the business in the right way and that measure what truly matters to the customer. In many large organisations, you’ll often find hundreds of different metrics in use, which can misdirect activity, distort priorities and, frequently, leave different parts of the business pulling in different directions.
We’re coming to the end of a business-wide metrics review, with the aim of reducing the number of metrics to produce a handful of measures aimed at directing everyone toward the same customer-focused outcomes.
The deadline for the awards has now passed and judging will take place soon. Nominations will be announced at 3pm on Thursday 12 March.
Partners of these awards are Modo25 and The Financial Times.

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US Govt Warns Critical Industries After Ransomware Hits Gas Pipeline Facility – Tempemail – Blog – 10 minute

The U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) earlier today issued a warning to all industries operating critical infrastructures about a new ransomware threat that if left unaddressed could have severe consequences.
The advisory comes in response to a cyberattack targeting an unnamed natural gas compression facility that employed spear-phishing to deliver ransomware to the company’s internal network, encrypting critical data and knocking servers out of operation for almost two days.
“A cyber threat actor used a spear-phishing link to obtain initial access to the organization’s information technology network before pivoting to its operational technology network. The threat actor then deployed commodity ransomware to encrypt data for impact on both networks,” CISA noted in its alert.

As ransomware attacks continue to escalate in frequency and scale, the new development is yet another indication that phishing attacks continue to be an effective means to bypass security barriers and that hackers don’t always need to exploit security vulnerabilities to breach organizations.
CISA highlighted that the attack did not impact any programmable logic controllers (PLCs) and that the victim did not lose control of its operations. But in the aftermath of the incident, the company is reported to have initiated a deliberate operational shutdown, resulting in a loss of productivity and revenue.
Noting that the impact was limited to Windows-based systems and assets located in a single geographic locality, it said the company was able to recover from the attack by getting hold of replacement equipment and loading last-known-good configurations.
Although the notification is lean on the specifics of the attack, this is not the first time phishing links have been employed to deliver ransomware. Lake City’s I.T. network was crippled last June after an employee inadvertently opened a suspicious email that downloaded the Emotet Trojan, which in turn downloaded TrickBot Trojan and Ryuk ransomware.

The evolving threat landscape means companies need to consider the full scope of threats posed to their operations, including maintaining periodic data backups and devising fail-over mechanisms in the event of a shutdown.
Aside from securing the email channel and identifying and protecting the most attacked individuals, this also underscores the need for adopting appropriate anti-phishing measures to stop social engineering attempts from reaching their targets’ inboxes and training people to spot mails that get through.
Additionally, it’s imperative that vulnerable organizations safeguard the digital supply chain by segmenting critical network infrastructure using firewalls and conducting periodic security audits to identify gaps and weaknesses.
For a full list of mitigative measures that can be undertaken, head to the CISA advisory here.

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Woodside Energy reveals Google cloud role in better gas estimates – Cloud- Tempemail – Blog – 10 minute

Woodside Energy used compute from Google cloud to create higher-resolution imaging of the Scarborough gas field, resulting in a 52 percent increase in the estimated volume of gas it contains.
The liquefied natural gas (LNG) producer announced the contingent resource estimate increase back in November last year [pdf], attributing it only to “new full waveform inversion (FWI) 3D seismic reprocessing” technology. 
In real terms, the company now estimates the Scarborough field holds 11.1 Tcf [trillion cubic feet] of gas that can potentially be extracted, up from 7.3 Tcf.
CEO and managing director Peter Coleman lauded the result in the company’s annual report last week, linking it to the cloud.
“The use of cloud computing to reanalyse historic seismic data with new techniques and reassess the recoverable gas in the Scarborough reservoir revealed a 52 percent increase in the estimated resource volume,” Coleman said.
“This underlined both the value of the resource and of the technologies that have improved our understanding of it.”
But the company went even further in an otherwise unremarkably-titled blog post on January 6, noting the reprocessing of seismic data for Scarborough occurred on Google cloud.
Woodside has been working on the FWI 3D seismic [data] reprocessing technology underpinned by Google Cloud compute since 2016. 
It first discussed this work in mid-2017 but said at the time that it was hitting resource limits on the cloud services, which needed to be resolved.
It’s now clear those initial technical challenges were overcome, and that the cloud-backed system is allowing Woodside to much more accurately estimate just how much gas it might be sitting on.
“We became the first company to apply the power of Google Cloud computing to FWI advanced seismic processing techniques,” it said, noting it used the technology to estimate gas reserves in offshore fields of Myanmar.
“This initiative set the scene for the application last year of FWI to the Scarborough 3D dataset of 2004”, it added, leading to the 52 percent estimated uplift.
Chief geophysicist Fabio Mancini said that re-running the Scarborough data set without cloud would have required 30 times more compute than Woodside has internally.
“For a field the size of Scarborough, Woodside would need more than 30 times all our internal computational capability to perform high resolution FWI,” he said.
“Cloud computing represents an ideal solution for this challenge, offering almost unlimited computer power in a pay-as-you-go system.”

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Ford unveils lineup for Europe to outpace gas and diesel vehicle sales by 2022 – gpgmail


Ford unveiled a range of hybrid vehicles Tuesday at the Frankfurt Motor Show as part of its plan to reach sales of 1 million electrified vehicles in Europe by the end of 2022.

Ford introduced hybrid and plug-in hybrid versions of the Mondeo wagon, Puma compact crossover, Kuga (shown below) and Explorer SUVs as well as the new Tourneo “people mover” at the show.

FORD KUGA SIDE CHARGING

But more are coming. Ford said earlier this year it plans to bring eight electrified vehicles to market this year and another nine that will be produced by 2024. One of those, an all-electric Mustang-inspired SUV, will come to market in 2020. The electric SUV with Mustang styling has a targeted range of 600 km (more than 370 miles) calculated using the World Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP), and fast-charging capability.

Ford expects that electrified vehicles will account for more than 50% of its car sales in Europe by 2022, surpassing combined sales of conventional petrol and diesel models.

Ford’s upcoming portfolio is part of its broader plan to make its Europe division leaner and more profitable. The company said in June it will cut 12,000 jobs and consolidate its manufacturing footprint to a proposed 18 facilities by the end of 2020. Most of the job cuts, 2,000 of which are salaried position, will occur through voluntary separation programs.

The automaker also announced Tuesday partnerships with six energy suppliers in Europe, including Centrica in the U.K. and Ireland, to install home charging wall boxes and provide green energy tariffs. A partnership with NewMotion aims to help drivers locate and pay for charging more easily at more than 118,000 charging points in 30 countries.

“With electrification fast becoming the mainstream, we are substantially increasing the number of electrified models and powertrain options for our customers to choose from to suit their needs,” Ford of Europe President Stuart Rowley said in a statement.

Electrified doesn’t mean every vehicle will be solely powered by electricity. The term means the vehicles can use hybrid, plug-in hybrid or battery-electric technology. The showcase Tuesday supports the automaker’s earlier commitment that every new Ford passenger vehicle will include an electrified option.

Ford Europe plans

While some automakers have stuck to an all-electric strategy, Ford plans to produce a range of hybrids, plug-in hybrids and battery electric vehicles.

“There is no ‘one-size-fits-all’ solution when it comes to electrification – every customer’s circumstances and travel needs are different,” said Joerg Beyer, executive director of engineering at Ford of Europe. “Our strategy is to pair the right electrified powertrain option to the right vehicle, helping our customers make their electrified vehicle experience easy and enjoyable.”

Ford isn’t doing this alone. The automaker announced in July a partnership with Volkswagen Group that covers collaboration on electric vehicles and development of autonomous technology via a $2.6 billion investment by VW into Argo AI.

Under the EV part of the tie-up, Ford will use VW’s MEB platform, the underlying architecture for its upcoming line of passenger electric vehicles, to develop at least one fully electric car for Europe. VW debuted Monday the ID.3, the first model with MEB platform.


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Rwanda to phase out gas motorcycle-taxis for e-motos – gpgmail


The government of Rwanda will soon issue national policy-guidelines to eliminate gas motorcycles in its taxi sector in favor of e-motos.

The country’s president Paul Kagame previewed the plan last week. “We will find a way to replace the ones you have now. We urge taxi-moto operators to help us when the phase-out process comes,” he said speaking at a youth forum.

The Director General for the Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Authority Patrick Nyirishema confirmed Kagame’s comments were ahead of a national e-mobility plan in the works for the East African nation.

“The president’s announcement is exactly the policy direction we’re in…it’s about converting to electric motos…The policy is prepared, it’s yet to be passed..and is going through the approval process,” Nyirishema told gpgmail on a call from Kigali.

Motorcycle taxis in Rwanda are a common mode of transit, with estimates of 20 to 30 thousand operating in the capital of Kigali. The country has come a long way since the 1990s, becoming a test-bed for drone-delivery and prioritizing initiatives to become an African tech hub.

Rwanda motorcycle taxisNyirishema explained that converting to e-motorcycles is part of a national strategy to move Rwanda’s entire mobility space to electric. The country will start with public transit operators, such as moto-taxis, and move to buses and automobiles.

“Once the policy is out, we’ll no longer permit any motorcycle that is not electric to be added to a fleet,”  Nyirishema said, adding that the country’s regulators will need to create an appropriate transition period and program for taxi operators to move to e-motos.

The news comes as Africa’s motorcycle taxi markets — worth an estimated $4 billion — have seen a flurry of tech investment and expansion. Uber and Bolt got into the motorcycle taxi business in Africa in 2018.

Norwegian (and Chinese backed) browser service Opera’s recent $50 million backed West Africa product expansion included linking its new payment app to ORide, a motorcycle ride-hail venture it launched in Nigeria.

Nigerian motorcycle taxi and delivery startup MAX.ng raised a $7 million Series A round with participation from Yamaha. The company is using the funding to pilot e-motorcycles in Africa powered by renewable energy.

Another local moto-taxi ventureUganda’s SafeBoda—received outside capital in a Series B round co-led by the venture arms of Germany’s Allianz and Indonesia’s Go-Jek. 

The Director General for  Rwanda’s Utilities Regulatory Authority Patrick Nyirishema prepared to confirm partners for the country’s e-moto conversion.

One startup that says it will be involved is Ampersand, a Kigali based venture that has already begun to pilot EVs and charging systems in Rwanda.

The company has worked with a feasibility study for implementing electric vehicles across Rwanda since last year, according to CEO Josh Whale. “We’ve also got a grant from the government…and it’s been tied in really well with the feasibility study,” he told gpgmail.

Copy of Bike Rebero Ampersand eveningAmpersand has shaped its own e-motorcycle model, building the batteries and fitting them into new motorcycle chassis imported from Asia. To keep the taxi-moto riders consistently moving—vs. delayed while recharging—the startup has developed a battery swapping system and station.

One motorcycle ride-hail startup that’s been testing an Ampersand e-moto is Cango. Founded in 2015, the company has app-based, on-demand taxi-moto fleets in Rwanda and Congo.

“We intend to be among the first to switch our fleet, as the [Ampersand] bikes are ready,” Cango co-founder Barrett Nash told gpgmail in a message from Kinshasa.

Ampersand CEO Josh Wale sees electricity changing the micro-economics of motorcycle taxi markets. He estimates taxi riders in Rwanda spend $2000 a year on fuel and oil-charges for their gas machines.

“Looking at it from a driver point of view, from day one they are paying less for the bike and the battery by going electric,” he said.

 

 

 


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